Specific Objectives of course:
Introduction: Hydrology, hydrologic cycle and the water balance equation, practical uses of hydrology, importance of hydrology.
Water Resources: Planning and development of water resources projects. Domestic, Industrial, Agricultural and other water usages, Water resources in Pakistan.
Water Management: Water management practices at basin level, canal level and farm level
Precipitation: Types of precipitation, factors necessary for the formation of precipitation, measurement of precipitation, interpretation of precipitation data, computation of average rainfall over a basin.
Evaporation and Transpiration: Factors affecting evaporation, measurement of evaporation, evapo-transpiration.
Stream Flow: Water Stage and its measurement, selection of site for stage recorder, selection of control and metering section, methods of measurement of stream flow, interpretation of stream flow data, return period.
Runoff & Hydrographs: Factors affecting runoff, estimating the volume of storm runoff. Characteristics of Hydrograph, components of a hydrograph, hydrograph separation, estimating the volume of direct runoff, introduction to unit hydrograph concept, S-curve, Application of probability in determining maxima/minima of discharge. Types of histogram and distribution.
Stream Flow Routing: Introduction to floods and its causes, frequency and duration analysis. Reservoir routing, channel routing. Flood Control, Introduction to Hydrological Modeling.
The Design work and/or experiments related to above mentioned outline shall be covered in the Laboratory/Design class.