Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar
Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar

Hydrology & Water Resources Management

Specific Objectives of course:

  • To enable students to learn broad areas of hydrological engineering and principles of water management particularly in irrigated agriculture.
Course Outline:
Introduction: Hydrology, hydrologic cycle and the water balance equation, practical uses of hydrology, importance of hydrology.

Water Resources: Planning and development of water resources projects. Domestic, Industrial, Agricultural and other water usages, Water resources in Pakistan.

Water Management:  Water management practices at basin level, canal level and farm level
Meteorology: The atmosphere and its composition, dew point and its measurement devices. Saturation deficit. The general circulation of wind system, the monsoons and western disturbances. Measurement of air temperature, relative humidity, radiation, sunshine, atmospheric pressure and wind velocity & direction.

Precipitation: Types of precipitation, factors necessary for the formation of precipitation, measurement of precipitation, interpretation of precipitation data, computation of average rainfall over a basin.

Evaporation and Transpiration: Factors affecting evaporation, measurement of evaporation, evapo-transpiration.

Stream Flow: Water Stage and its measurement, selection of site for stage recorder, selection of control and metering section, methods of measurement of stream flow, interpretation of stream flow data,  return period.

Runoff & Hydrographs: Factors affecting runoff, estimating the volume of storm runoff. Characteristics of Hydrograph, components of a hydrograph, hydrograph separation, estimating the volume of direct runoff, introduction to unit hydrograph concept, S-curve, Application of probability in determining maxima/minima of discharge. Types of histogram and distribution.

Stream Flow Routing: Introduction to floods and its causes, frequency and duration analysis. Reservoir routing, channel routing. Flood Control, Introduction to Hydrological Modeling.
Groundwater: Introduction, sources and discharge of ground water. Water table and artesian aquifer, ground water hydraulics, pumping test, tube well technology.

Lab Outline: 
The Design work and/or experiments related to above mentioned outline shall be covered in the Laboratory/Design class.

Recommended Books:

  1. Warren Viessman, Jr. and Gary L. Lewis, Introduction to Hydrology,  5th Edition Prentice Hall
  2. R. K. Linsley, Max A. Kohler, and Joseph L. Paulhus, Hydrology for Engineers, McGraw-Hill Education (ISE Editions); International 2 Revised edition (June 1, 1982)
  3. Linsley, R. K., J. Franzini, Water Resources Engineering, McGraw Hill; 4th edition (June 1, 1992).