Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar
Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar

Environmental Engineering-I

Prerequisites: Fluid Mechanics-I

Specific Objectives of course:

  • To introduce the concept of environmental pollution, contamination and its sources particularly in context to water.
  • To learn principles of environmental engineering applied to the design and implementation of water supply schemes.

Course Outline:

Introduction to  Environment, Water and Sanitary EngineeringWater Pollution: Water chemistry and characteristics, Introduction to sources of pollution, Effects on water quality, Control parameters.

Water Demand and Supply: Population forecast; Water uses & consumption; Types and variations in demand; Maximum demand & fire demand.

Water Quality: Water impurities & their health significance; Water quality guidelines / standards (U.S. & WHO, etc); water quality monitoring.

Water Sampling and Testing: Sampling techniques and examination of water (physical, chemical and microbiological parameters), Water borne diseases.

Water Treatment: Treatment of surface & ground water, screening, (types of settling), coagulation and flocculation, Filtration, Design aspects of slow sand and rapid sand filters; and their operations, Pressure filters, Membrane Technology (Reverse Osmosis, Ultrafiltration),

Miscellaneous Water Treatment Techniques: Fluoridation, Iron & Manganese removal; Water softening methods; Water disinfection and chemicals; Chlorination; Emergency treatment methods. Ozone, Ultravoilet

Water Distribution: Layout and design of water transmission works and distribution networks, service reservoirs, Fixtures and their installation; Tapping of water mains, Urban and Rural Water Supply.

Introduction to Air & Noise Pollution

Lab Outline: 
The Design work and/or experiments related to above mentioned outline shall be covered in the Laboratory/Design class.

Recommended Books:

  • Mackenzie L. Davis, David A. Cornwell, Introduction to Environmental Engineering, McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math; 4 edition (October 3, 2006)
  • Terence J. McGhee, Water Supply and Sewerage, 6th edition, McGraw Hill

Howard S. Peavy, D.R. Rowe, George Tchobanoglous, Environmental Engineering, McGraw-Hill Publishing Company; 7th edition (March 1987)