Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar
Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar

Civil Engineering Materials

Specific Objectives of course:

  • To familiarize students about the characteristics of construction materials used in civil engineering.
  • To develop the skills for identification of suitable construction materials for civil engineering projects.

Course Outline:

Materials and properties: Introduction of materials, Construction materials, Physical properties, Mechanical properties, Chemical properties, Electrical & Thermal properties
Stone: Introduction, Types, Applications, Characteristics of good building stones, Artificial stones

Cement and Lime: Introduction and manufacture of Ordinary Portland cement, Constituents of cement, Types of cement, Cement hydration, Properties and field tests of cement, Special cements, Introduction and manufacture of lime, Setting and hardening of lime, Applications of lime, Comparison of lime and cement,

Fine and coarse aggregates: Definition and Introduction of aggregates, Mechanical properties of aggregates, Physical properties of aggregates, Importance and methods of grading of aggregates

Cementitious materials: Introduction about mortars, Methods of preparation of mortars, Properties and application of mortars, Introduction about concrete, Components and manufacture of concrete, Properties of concrete, Types of concrete, Effects of various chemicals on concrete

Ceramics and Bricks: History and evolution of ceramics, Manufacture of ceramics, Properties and applications of ceramics in buildings, History and evolution of bricks, Properties and applications of bricks, Brick dimensions, Manufacture and classification of bricks.

Plastics: Structure of plastics, Polymer technology, Types,  Properties, Use of plastics as construction material

Glass:  Constituents of glass, Methods of manufacture, Types, Use and significance in civil engineering, Advantages and drawbacks

Wood:  Structure of tree, General characteristics, Types, Seasoning of wood, Preservation of wood, Lamination of wood

Paints: Objectives, Composition,  Types, Consideration in choosing a particular paint, Introduction, objectives and applications of varnish
Metals: Introduction about metals, Non ferrous metals: Aluminium, Copper, Zinc, Lead, Nickel, Ferrous metals: Iron, Cast iron and steel, Manufacture of steel, Types of steel, Heat treatment to steel, Hot and cold rolled steels, Stainless steel, Important failures in steels

Thermometry and acoustics: Mode of Heat transfer in buildings, Thermal conductivity and diffusivity of building materials, Insulation in houses,  Types of insulations, Acoustic insulation, Properties of good sound proof materials ,Noise Reduction Coefficients of building materials

Miscellaneous Construction Materials: Asbestos , Plaster of Paris, Abrasives, Rubber , Cork, Bitumen, Asphalt, Road metal

Lab Outline: The Design work and/or experiments related to above mentioned outline shall be covered in the Laboratory/Design class.

 Recommended Books:

  • Edward Allen, Joseph Iano; Fundamental of Building Construction Materials and Methods;  John Wiley & Sons. N.Y 2004
  • William F., Smith, Principles of Materials Science & Engineering, McGraw Hil, 1995
  • Duggal, S. K., Building Materials, New Age International. 2009