Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar
Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar

Advanced Fluid Mechanics

Prerequisites:  Fluid Mechanics

Specific Objectives of course:

  • To enable students to learn advanced principles of fluid mechanics for broader application to civil engineering projects.
Course Outline:
Hydrodynamics Review: Ideal and real fluid, Differential equation of continuity, Rotational and irrational flow, Stream function and velocity potential function, Brief description of flow fields, Orthogonality of stream lines and equipotential lines, Flow net and its limitations, Different methods of drawing flow net.
Steady Flow through Pipes: Laminar and turbulent flow in circular pipes, semi-empirical theories of turbulence, General equation for friction, Velocity profile in circular pipes, pipe  roughness, Nukuradse’s experiments, Darcy-Weisbach Equation, Implicit and Explicit Equations for Pipe Friction Factor, Moody’s diagrams, Pipe flow problems, Minor losses.
Pipe Networks: Pipes in series and parallel, branches, Hardy Cross Method, Water hammer, Water Loss, Head losses and material of pipes.

Water Turbines: Types, reaction and impulse-turbines, Momentum equation applied to turbines, Specify speed, Turbine characteristic.

Centrifugal Pumps: Types, Classifications, construction features, operation and efficiencies, Specific speed and characteristic curves.

Reciprocating Pumps: Types, Maximum suction lift, construction features, specific speed, cavitation and operation.
Introduction to related software.

Lab Outline:

The Design work and/or experiments related to above mentioned outline shall be covered in the Laboratory/Design class.

Recommended Books:

  1. Daugherty, R.L. Franzini B. & Finnemore  E.J., Fluid Mechanics, McGraw Hill Book Co.
  2. Douglus, Fluid Mechanics, McGraw Hill Inc.
  3. Jack P. ,Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics , McGraw Hill Inc.
  4. Merle Potter, Mechanics of Fluid, CL- Engineering (2011)