Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar
Balochistan University of Engineering & Technology, Khuzdar

Advanced Engineering Surveying

Prerequisites:  Engineering Surveying

Specific Objectives of course:

  • To acquire knowledge of control surveys and their use in advanced branches of surveying.
  • To apply principles of surveying and modern tools in related field problems.
 Course Outline: 
Surveying Drafting and Computations:     General, Maps and Plans, Plotting, Contour Maps, Profiles, Cross- sections, End areas and Volumes, Prismoidal formula, Calculation of volumes, Area computations, Area by graphical analysis, Use of surveying software.
Highway and Railway Curves:        Route surveys, Circular curves, Deflections and Chord calculations, Setting out circular curve by various methods, Compound curves, Reverse, Vertical, Parabolic curves, Computation of the high or low point on a vertical curve, Design considerations, Spiral curves, Spiral curve computations, Approximate solution for spiral problems, Superelevation.
Construction Surveys:          Introduction, Horizontal and Vertical control, Buildings, Rail Road, Pipelines and other construction surveys.
Hydrographic Surveys:        General, Objectives of hydrographic survey and electronic charting, Planning, Survey vessels, Vertical control, Depth and Tidal measurements, Position-fixing techniques, Sounding plan, Horizontal control, Processing and Presentation of data.
Photogrammetry: Introduction, Aerial photogrammetry and its applications, Flying heights, Flight planning, Relief displacement, Photograph overlap, Ground control for mapping, Mosaics, Stereoscopic viewing and parallax, Stereo plotting instruments, Analytical plotters, Orthophotos, Photogrammeteric mapping.
Control Surveys: General, Geodesy Universal Transverse Mercator grid system, Modified Transverse Mercator grid system, State plane coordinate grid system, Lambert projection, Computations for the Lambert projection, Computations for the Transverse Mercator Secant Projection, Use of grid coordinates, Horizontal control techniques, Triangulation, Control survey markers, Direction of a line by observations on Polaris, Time and procedure for Observing Polaris, Computation technique for azimuth determination, Gyro theodolite.
Global Positioning System (GPS): Background information, Global positioning, Receivers, Satellites, Errors, GPS surveying techniques and applications, Survey planning, Initial ambiguity resolution, Vertical positioning.

Lab Outline:

The Design work and/or experiments related to above mentioned outline shall be covered in the Laboratory/Design class.

Recommended Books: 
1.   Wolf P.R. & Ghilani C. D., Elementary Surveying – An introduction to Geomatics, 11th Edition, Prentice Hall, USA, 2004.
2.     Thomas, M. Lillesand & Ralph W. Kiefer Remote Sensing and Images Interpretation, 5th edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2005),
3.     Kavanagh Barry, Surveying with Construction Applications, 7th Edition, Pearsons Education (2010)